Books / Research Papers
The original description of statecharts, Statecharts: A visual formalism for complex systems PDF, by David Harel
State Chart XML (SCXML), State Machine Notation for Control Abstraction, W3C Recommendation, 2015
Constructing the User Interface with Statecharts, Ian Horrocks, 1999
Practical Statecharts in C/C++ — discusses some of the same things that Ian Horrocks’ book discusses. The book is freely available as a PDF download.
Statecharts and SCXML as a modeling technique in web engineering, Proceedings of Balisage: The Markup Conference 2015
Developing User Interfaces using SCXML Statecharts Gavin Kistner & Chris Nuernberger, 2014 - A paper about how Nvidia developed automotive UI using state charts and SCXML.
Client-Side State-based Control for Multimodal User Interfaces, David Junger’s master’s thesis explores the appeal and (ease of) use of an executable State Chart language on the client-side to design and control multimodal Web applications.
UML Statecharts or “UML state machines” on wikipedia provides a good overview
Blog posts / Articles
UML Statechart tip: Handling errors when entering a state, by Matthew Eshleman, 2020
UML Statechart tip: Be wary of exit-state behavior, by Matthew Eshleman, 2020
The most elegant debounce code you’ll ever write featuring XState, by Mikey Stengel, 2020
Using State Machines in Vue.js with XState, Sarah Dayan, 2020
Coding for complexity, Dan Reynolds, 2019
State machine advent: 24 bite-sized blog posts about state machines and statecharts, Mikey Stengel, 2019
My love letter to XState and statecharts ♥, Tim Deschryver, 2019
Dynamic orthogonal regions in state machines, Łukasz Makuch, 2019
Patterns for using React with Statechart-based state machines, Shawn McKay, 2018
Finite State Machines with React, By Jon Bellah, 2018
An introduction to visual automata-based programming in Rosmaro, Łukasz Makuch, 2018
Statecharts: Updating UI state, Luca Matteis, 2018
Programming without boolean values: To-Do App, Łukasz Makuch, 2018
How to model the behavior of Redux apps using statecharts, Luca Matteis, 2018
React and visual automata-based programming, Łukasz Makuch, 2018
The Rise Of The State Machines, Krasimir Tsonev, 2018
Pure UI Control, Adam Solove, 2017
State charts can provide you with software quality insurance by Peter Mueller, embedded.com, 2009
UML Statecharts at $10.99, Miro Samek, Dr. Dobb’s magazine, 2006
Statecharts: Some Critical Observations (PDF), by Michael Breen, 2004
Who moved my state? by Miro Samek, Dr. Dobb’s magazine, 2003
Reactive State Machines and Statecharts, by David Khourhid, 2018
setState Machine, by Michele Bertoli, 2018
Simplifying Complex UIs with Finite Automata & Statecharts, by David Khourshid, 2018
Are statecharts the next big UI paradigm?, Luca Matteis, 2017
Infinitely Better UIs with Finite Automata, David Khourshid, 2017
Rambling thoughs on React and FSM, Ryan Florence, 2017
Telling stories using statecharts, Erik Mogensen, 2015
Using ClojureScript w/ Heavy Industrial Equipment, Kevin Lynagh, 2015
UML State Chart Autocoding for the Mars Science Laboratory (MSL) Mission Eddie Benowitz, JPL, 2012
Statecharts based GUI Design, Chenliang Sun, 2003
Mathworks has a short four-part series on state machines from 2014: What are they? (3:14), Why use them? (3:37), Mealy and Moore machines (3:38), and finally the one that introduces statecharts, Harel State Machines (2:36).
DevanB has some practical examples of statechart-based solutions with xstate, with examples in React, Svelte and Vue.
MiceOnABeam, a modeling tool for the Second Life® and OpenSim based virtual worlds. Uses a subset of statecharts
SCA the Statechart Autocoder used by Curiosity, by JPL. Generates C code from Magicdraw drawings of statecharts.
sketch.systems, a web-app to draw statecharts and bind them to user interface elements. “Helps software designers think about complex product behavior. Sketch out states, add prototypes, and clarify questions quickly.”
sm-cat, a tool that makes statecharts that look good, with the least effort possible without having to interact with drag and drop tools.
StatesKit Visual Statechart Editor — Visually creating Statechart and Finite State Machine.
ThingML, includes a DSL for statecharts, compilers to various languages.
Tools / Libraries
Boost.org statechart module, a C++ library for finite state machines
Commons SCXML by Apache, a Java implementation of an SCXML parser and runner.
ember-statecharts, by Michael Klein, Statecharts for Ember.js applications
LXSC, by Gavin Kistner, Lua XML StateChart interpreter - parses and executes SCXML state machines with a Lua data model.
µFSM, by Jonas Persson, UML Statechart library in C and XMI importer.
Miros, statecharts in Python.
React Automata by Michele Bertoli, a state machine abstraction for React.
rFSM Statecharts, by Markus Klotzbuecher, a lightweight Statechart implementation in Lua
Sismic, by Alexandre Decan, Sismic Interactive Statechart Model Interpreter and Checker, Python.
statechart, by Casey Marshall, a rust implementation of statecharts: hierarchical, reactive state machines
Stately, by Alan Shaw, Statecharts in Clojure/Script
stent, by Krasimir Tsonev, combining the ideas of Redux with the concept of state machines.
uscxml, from the Department of Computer Science, Telecooperation Lab (TK) at Darmstadt Technical University, is an SCXML interpreter and transformer/compiler written in C/C++ with bindings to Java, C#, Python and Lua.
XState, by David Khourshid, pure functional statecharts, in TypeScript.
Designing Statecharts from the IBM Rational Rhapsody. It describes all of the concepts albeit in how they are used in that application.
Guidelines for modeling statecharts in the Rational Unified Process. Includes a good section on Hints and Tips on creating statecharts!